While the raw materials used in the textile culture in Thailand are rather similar throughout the country, it is the weaving techniques that add a touch of uniqueness to textiles in different regions, Weaving techniques are a result of both the loom design and weaving styles, and weaving was an activityin almost all households in Thailand before industrialisation. There's even and old saying that if a woman cannot weave, a man should not marry her.
Mudmee is said to be the oldest form of pattern weaving. The fabric is woven using the tying and dyeing technique to create designs. There are three methods to mudmee weaving - tie -dye the warps; tie-dye the wefts, and tie-dye both the warps and the wefts. The tie-pyeing process must be done before the actual weaving begins. The technique works for both silk and cotton.
Chok is a design in which supplementary yarns are introduced into the usually colourful wefts in a discontinuous manner. Chok fabrics take a long time to complete, and are typically used in special occasions. Shukhothai in the Central Region is famous for Chok fabrics, but they can also be found in Chiang Mai in the North.
Both silk and cotton can be woven in khit. The technique is achieved by continuously introducing yarns in a different colour into the base wefts to produce patterns. Khit fabrics are common in the Northeastern part of Thailand. In some areas, a mixture of khit and Chok is used to make more elaborate patterns and colours.
The yok dok technique is quite similar to khit, but uses special silk, silver and gold threads, elaborately woven to create patterns. Originally used exclusively in the northern royal court as the materials were expensive, it is now still a popular technique in the North, but is also found in the Northeastern region and the South.